All 253 La Liga goals in Lionel Messi’s record-breaking Barcelona career

first_imgHailed as the ‘greatest player in football history’ by Barcelona president Josep Maria Bartomeu, Lionel Messi smashed the La Liga scoring record over the weekend with a hat-trick in a 5-1 victory over Sevilla.The four-time world player of the year took his league tally to 253 and his club record to 368 goals following his latest exploits, meaning he has set 13 separate goal-scoring records during his career.To celebrate the Argentine’s wizardry, above are all 253 of his La Liga goals. Sit back and enjoy.last_img

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Liverpool vs Napoli: Start time, team news and TV channel

first_imgWhen is Liverpool v Napoli?The game is set for Saturday, August 4.Kick-off is at 6pm.This is the second friendly in Dublin this week, with Premier League rivals Chelsea and Arsenal playing out a draw, which the Gunners won on penalties.Which TV channel is it on?You can watch the action live on Liverpool’s dedicated channel LFCTV.If you’re a subscriber you can also stream the game through the official website.LFCTV can be found on Sky channel 425 and Virgin Media 544. It’s almost time for another Premier League season to begin following an action-packed summer.Jurgen Klopp’s Liverpool have splashed the cash so far and have looked impressive during their pre-season campaign. highlights gameday possible xi NEW ERA FOOTBALL LATEST How Chelsea could line up against Southampton – what system will Lampard play? Liverpool have played in the International Champions Cup over the summer who plays? How Arsenal could line up in Arteta’s first official game in charge – Ozil return? How Man United could line up for Newcastle clash – will Pogba start? Tottenham v Brighton LIVE: talkSPORT commentary and team news for Boxing Day opener Tottenham predicted XI to face Brighton with Mourinho expected to make big changes 1 Best clips, calls and talkSPORT moments of 2019, feat Hearn, McCoist and more Getty ALTERED What is the team news?After picking up an injury during the US tour, Joel Matip is available for selection again for the Reds.New goalkeeper Alisson could feature, whilst Roberto Firmino is also training following his World Cup exploits.Napoli have appointed Carlo Ancelotti to replace Maurizio Sarri and have spent big to capture Fabian Ruiz and Simone Verdi.A reminder of when Napoli angered Klopp…last_img read more

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Baze suspended for drinking

first_img 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREThe top 10 theme park moments of 2019 Baze rode one winner in 10 races in the first three days of the Oak Tree meet at Santa Anita. He suffered through a terrible season at Del Mar while battling an eating disorder that Puhich said left the jockey weak. The suspension cost Baze the chance to ride Leprechaun Kid, who got second-place money with replacement David Flores in the $250,000 Clement L. Hirsch Handicap at Santa Anita on Sunday. Kevin Modesti, (818) 713-3616heymodesti@aol.com ARCADIA – Jockey Tyler Baze was removed from his mounts on an important card at Santa Anita on Sunday after being suspended for failing a breath-alcohol test when he went to Indiana to ride on Saturday. Stewards at Hoosier Park said Baze exceeded the .05-percent limit in the breath test given daily to Indiana racing license-holders. They gave Baze a seven-day suspension that could be adjusted after a hearing. California honors suspensions handed down in other states. center_img Baze’s agent said the 22-year-old had been recovering from flu and drank so he could sleep on the flight to Indiana. “He had a Bloody Mary on the airplane, and I think he had a beer,” agent Ivan Puhich said. “(Fellow jockey) Felipe Martinez told his agent that Tyler wasn’t drunk. But I said, ‘They have rules, and Tyler broke them. You have to play by the rules.’ ” last_img read more

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Cabrera, Scioscia feel for Eddings

first_img “If we get through this series, you’re talking another week,” Scioscia said. “If we fold him in at the back end of the rotation (for the World Series), that’s 10, 11 days before he’d pitch, and he’d have to pick up the ball before then.” 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Talk about umpire Doug Eddings’ phantom “out’ call still lingered around the batting cage Friday before Game 3 of the American League Championship Series, but it was more media driven as players and coaches from both teams tried to put it behind them. “If it was in the regular season, everyone would let it go,” Angels shortstop Orlando Cabrera said. “Because it was the playoffs, everyone makes a big deal. A lot of times there’s a man on first and two outs, and they don’t score. There’s been worse calls. I don’t think it was fair they had to go (into the interview room after Game 2). I was feeling sorry for them. They’re human beings trying to do their jobs.” Angels manager Mike Scioscia also said he felt sympathy for Eddings. “I don’t think anybody feels worse about it than Doug Eddings,” Scioscia said. While much of the dispute has centered on whether catcher Josh Paul caught or trapped the third strike to A.J. Pierzynski, Scioscia said that was not the issue that had the Angels upset. “The whole issue of the play was we read the signal from Doug as him recording an out, not recording a swing,” he said. center_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week Eddings was lustily booed by the Angel Stadium crowd when the umpires took the field before Friday’s game, and again when he jogged to his spot as the right-field line ump. Cabrera hitting well Cabrera is one of the few Angels who has hit relatively well in the playoffs, tied for the team lead with nine postseason hits. He said he thinks Vladimir Guerrero (no extra-base hits, one RBI) might be pressing a little, but Chone Figgins (4 for 31) is even more important to the offense. “Our key player is Figgins,” Cabrera said. “That’s our key player. If he starts hitting, we’re going to score some runs. I don’t know if he’s pressing, I know he’s trying. Maybe he’s trying too hard. He’s not swinging at pitches he was swinging at before. “When you don’t have too many years in the big leagues, it puts things in your head instead of swinging like you did in the regular season.” Update on Colon It is beginning to appear that Bartolo Colon (strained muscle right shoulder) would not be able to pitch in the World Series even if the Angels get there. Colon is scheduled to undergo more tests on the shoulder soon, and there are no plans for him to start throwing a baseball anytime soon. last_img read more

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Plock Participates In USA Volleyball National Team Tryout

first_imgDuring her senior season in the fall, she registered 515 kills, the third most in Iowa Class 5A and the eighth most overall in the state of Iowa. She closed out her career at Southeast Polk with 1,557 career kills, averaging 5.26 kills per set. As a junior, she led Iowa Class 5A and shattered the Southeast Polk record with 583 kills in the season. Plock, who attends Southeast Polk High School, was one of 18 players selected as a member of the USA Jr. National Training Team for the 2016 season. A 6-2 opposite-side hitter, Plock was named to the USA Today Preseason Volleyball Team prior to her senior season last fall. PrepVolleyball.com also recognized Plock as a ‘Senior Ace’ and a top-125 player nationally. “She was one of 18 athletes selected for the USA Jr. National Team last year summer, and now to be invited to attend the USA National Team tryout is quite an honor,” McBroom said. Plock is one of four standout high school athletes the Bulldogs signed in the fall that will join the team for the upcoming 2017 season. Print Friendly Versioncenter_img DES MOINES, Iowa – Emily Plock, an incoming freshman for the Drake University volleyball team and Altoona, Iowa, native, was one of 14 high school players in the nation invited to attend the USA Volleyball National Team Tryouts in Colorado Springs March 3-5. “I am very proud of Emily and the progress she has made throughout her prep volleyball experience,” said Drake head coach Darrin McBroom. “This is a tryout that features the top Division I collegiate athletes in the country. I attended the tryout and felt Emily performed at a very high level and you would not have guessed that she was a high school athlete among all the prospects in the gym.”last_img read more

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Vigil held for Ibrahim Halawa in Letterkenny yesterday

first_imgThe Letterkenny branch of Amnesty International held a vigil for Ibrahim Halawa at the Market Square in Letterkenny yesterday evening. There was also a petition available for signature.It took place at the Market Square, Letterkenny at 5:30pm.A spokesperson for Amnesty International Letterkenny says “Ibrahim is a young Dublin man held in prison without trial for four years in Egypt. “His trial was postponed for the 25th time yesterday, this time till 9th July.”Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade Simon Coveney says that further progress has been made in the trial, with a number of police witnesses called and cross-examined.“The presiding judge has said that only five further witnesses will be called as part of the prosecution case, and that the prosecution case will be concluded at the next hearing, which is set for next Sunday, 9 July. “A team of official Irish observers will again be present in court for that hearing.”Minister Coveney hopes that the trial is coming to a close, and although the Irish Government cannot directly intervene, they can ensure that Halawa is returned to Ireland following the trial.“I welcome the indications that the trial is now progressing into its final stages.“The Irish Government cannot intervene in a case that is before the Egyptian courts. What we can do, and what we are doing, is redoubling our efforts to ensure that the Egyptian authorities fulfil the clear commitment which they have given us to resolve this issue as soon as the trial ends, and return Ibrahim Halawa to Ireland.“I have already met with the Egyptian Ambassador in Dublin, Ms Soha Gendi, to discuss this case, and I look forward to speaking to the Egyptian Foreign Minister, Sameh Shoukry, as soon as possible to impress upon him how important I believe this matter is, and to reinforce the need for its early resolution.“I and my officials are working hard towards that goal and we will continue to do so. I am determined to do everything I can as Minister for Foreign Affairs to make sure that Ibrahim Halawa is back home in Ireland with his family as soon as possible.” An Amnesty International spokesperson added; “Amnesty has conducted a thorough review of all of the evidence and concluded that Ibrahim could not have committed the violent crimes he’s been charged with.“Amnesty’s researchers have confirmed that Ibrahim was arrested while sheltering from the violence. Ibrahim is a Prisoner of Conscience detained solely for peacefully exercising his right to freedom of expression and freedom of assembly.“His continuing imprisonment represents an inexcusable violation of both international and Egyptian law,” they concluded.Vigil held for Ibrahim Halawa in Letterkenny yesterday was last modified: July 5th, 2017 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:amnesty internationalIbrahim Halawaletterkennyvigillast_img read more

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Half-time: Arsenal 0 Chelsea 0

first_imgFrank Lampard almost put Chelsea ahead at the Emirates Stadium, where a win would put them level on points with Premier League leaders Liverpool.Lampard volleyed against the underside of the bar after meeting Eden Hazard’s ball into the box with a crisp volley.The England midfielder had earlier miscued when Cesar Azpilicueta pulled the ball back from the left after linking up with the lively Hazard.Boss Jose Mourinho has made it clear that his attacking players must improve the defensive side of their game when the team do not have possession if Chelsea are to sustain a title challenge.And with Fernando Torres and Willian constantly looking to stop Arsenal building from the back, and with Ramires dropping deep to join midfielders Lampard and John Mikel Obi when needed, they have looked solid so far.Arsenal finished the half strongly, however, and wanted a penalty when Theo Walcott went down after Willian stepped on his feet, but referee Mike Dean was having none of it.Chelsea (4-2-3-1:) Cech; Ivanovic, Cahill, Terry, Azpilicueta; Mikel, Lampard; Willian, Ramiries, Hazard; Torres. Subs: Schwarzer, Luiz, Cole, Oscar, Mata, Schurrle, Eto’o.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

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Missing Links Found: Walking Seal, Teen Tyrannosaur

first_img1.  Natalia Rybczynski, Mary R. Dawson, and Richard H. Tedford, Nature 458, 1021-1024 (23 April 2009) | doi:10.1038/nature07985.2.  Makovichy et al, “A giant ornithomimosaur from the Early Cretaceous of China,” Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Published online before print April 22, 2009, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2009.0236.We need to coin a new law of nature: evolutionary hype is inversely proportional to the empirical data available.  Write in your suggestion for the person whose name should grace this law.  The Darwiniacs went into a frenzy inventing ways to take a few millimeters of bone here, or a slight proportion there, into trinkets to offer their idol, Charles Darwin.    You should know that Creation-Evolution Headlines strives to give each scientist a fair hearing.  Scanning the hyperbole in the headlines, the initial reaction was to think, “Well, it seems the Darwinians may have scored some points.”  Unlike the majority of lay people who lack the time, patience and access to the original papers to investigate the grounds for the claims, we take the time and show you, in their own words, how solid it is.  As you can see, the grand picture looks more like a hologram, full of light and color, but low on substance, or like the shadows of a man’s hand making animal silhouettes projected onto hundred-foot monsters of shadow and light on the walls of a skyscraper.    You saw what they did: assume evolution, observe a fact, and make up a story to fit the fact into the assumption of evolution.  That’s how they always do it.  Nothing about these discoveries jumps up and says, “Charlie was right!”  Even a young-earth creationist paleontologist would have no heartburn over this.  You could take living animals – a skunk, an otter, a beaver and a seal – and arrange them into a phylogenetic tree.  One little detail we found in their own tree was that they used the same shape for Puijila, Potamotherium and an outlier unrelated to them all.  What kind of evolution is that?  The dinosaur fossil storytellers had even less data to connect their scattered bones with the headlines.    As usual, the original papers are full of uncomfortable little details that undermine their story.  The damages are glossed over with highfalutin euphemisms, ad-hoc stories, and promises that it will all become clear someday in the future.  This is how Darwinian science is done.  Hire an artist to do a little visualization for you, give it to the press, and they will be overjoyed to dish it out to the masses as proof that King Charles is still on the throne.  The peasants are revolting because the King’s protectors are so revolting.(Visited 34 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Science news media are abuzz with reports that two missing links have been found.  One is a fossil seal (pinniped) with four legs, the other a smaller presumed ancestor of the famous Tyrannosaurus rex.Seal:  National Geographic News calls it a seal with arms, and features artwork of an otter-like animal doing a kind of dog paddle with webbed fingers on the way to becoming flippers.  The BBC News announced, “Missing link fossil seal walked,” and said “the 23 million-year-old proto-seal would have walked on land and swum in fresh water.”  The discoverers named it Puijila darwini in honor of Charles Darwin, “who wrote with his usual prescience, ‘A strictly terrestrial animal, by occasionally hunting for food in shallow water, then in streams or lakes, might at last be converted into an animal so thoroughly aquatic as to brave the open ocean.’”    Analysis of the paper in Nature revealed several problems with these claims.1  For one, it’s not news.  Another fossil from Europe, Potamotherium, is very similar in body proportions to this one, and no one was claiming that was a missing link to pinnipeds.  Another problem is that the authors’ own phylogeny chart shows this animal as a contemporary with Potamotherium and Enaliarctos, the oldest known pinniped fossils, which already had flippers and the body proportions of modern seals.  In fact, the “more highly derived” pinniped Enaliarctos dates to the Oligocene, the period prior to the Miocene in which Puijila was discovered, “and not long before a significant radiation of other early marine pinnipeds.”  This seems to represent an abrupt appearance of fully-flippered pinnipeds alongside if not before the appearance of Puijila.  If anything, Puijila represents an extinct sister lineage of extant seals.  “Puijila itself appears to be a relict stem pinniped,” the authors stated in the paper.  A third problem is that these sister fossils are found from different parts of the world.  Puijila was found in the Arctic near Greenland, Potamotherium in Europe, and Enaliarctos on the northwest shores of North America.  It seems implausible these contemporaneous creatures migrated to such distant parts of the world on their evolutionary path.  Finally, other mammals were found in the lake bed habitat: a rabbit, a shrew, an artiodactyl and a rhinoceros.  None of them seemed to be evolving into swimmers to adapt to the aquatic habitat.    The discoverers of a new fossil often have a difficult time classifying it.  That was the case here: “Taken together,” they said after describing the bones, “the dental, cranial and postcranial characters of Puijila suggest that a phylogenetic analysis including Amphicticeps shackelfordi, Potamotherium valletoni and Enaliarctos would be appropriate.”  This is usually followed by some tweaking and fitting of the animal into a phylogenetic tree.  They chose to run a parsimony analysis using PAUP software (Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony), version 4.10b.  It gave them a cladogram based on the eight most “parsimonious” trees.  The software also avoided an undesirable processing artifact called “long branch attraction” that often doesn’t yield the desired evolutionary relationships – suggesting that a fair amount of subjectivity entered into the conclusions; after all, nature may not be so parsimonious at times.  Even then, the resulting tree did not suggest any kind of ancestral relationship between the three stem lineages, one of which was already a “more highly derived” pinniped from earlier in the fossil record.    It seems the authors got a little carried away with the missing-link interpretation in an effort to patch up an embarrassing gap.  “With Enaliarctos considered the earliest pinniped, there exists a major transformational gap between a terrestrial ancestor and the appearance of flippered pinnipeds,” they admitted in the introduction.  “Indeed, most studies of pinniped relationships and evolution do not consider the critical first evolutionary stages that ultimately gave rise to this successful group of marine carnivores.”  Enter Puijila, a “small mammalian carnivore,” to the rescue: “Puijila is a morphological intermediate in the land-to-sea transition of pinnipeds and provides new evidence concerning the evolution and biogeography of the earliest pinnipeds.”  Notice they said morphological intermediate, not temporal intermediate.  Sisters do not ancestors make.    Nevertheless, the news media overlooked these problems and hyped the “missing link” angle, aided by the artwork, movies, audio files, Flash multimedia and Powerpoint slides provided by the authors.  National Geographic News announced “Evolution at Work” in the Arctic, the new “hotbed of evolution.”  Andrea Thompson, senior writer for Live Science, was swept off her feet.  She announced, “Walking Seal Called Missing Link in Evolution” and quoted the senior author saying, “This discovery supports the hypothesis that the Arctic may have been a geographic center in pinniped evolution.”  Like the authors of the paper in Nature, Thompson decorated her triumphant article with the imprimatur of Darwin (see quote above), suggesting his prediction has now been vindicated.Tyrannosaur:  The news media are also celebrating a missing link of T. rex.  The BBC News announced, “Ancestor of T rex found in China” and used the suggestive evolutionary catch-phrase “missing link.”  Similarly, Live Science said the new fossil “Fills Evolutionary Gap.”  What was found?    The original paper was published in the Proceedings B of the Royal Society.2  Makovichy et al named their new ornithomimosaur Beishanlong grandis.  Initially, it might seem odd that the ancestor of a North American giant was vacationing in China, but the authors noted that strange evolutionary things were going on there and then.  The five-foot-tall creature that is said to have lived 125 million years ago “provides evidence for the parallel evolution of gigantism in separate lineages of beaked and possibly herbivorous coelurosaurs within a short time span in Central Asia.  Clearly, size matters, and China was the place to be if you wanted to evolve or perish.    The skeleton was not complete.  No head was found.  Only a scapula and parts of the legs and arms from two individuals were available for study.  It appears one of them was a juvenile, since growth rings show it was still growing when it died.    The usual forcing and fitting into an evolutionary tree was conducted.  These authors relied on a “strict consensus of the results of a larger analysis of 293 characters in 72 theropod taxa conducted with the program TNT.”  The new fossil has many similarities to another named Harpymimus.  Since no one can observe the lifestyle of extinct creatures, nor the morphological developmental changes during their growth (think of flatfish), nor the range of variation within species, there is inherent subjectivity in their classification from fossils alone.  To see this subjectivity in the original language, consider this paragraph (focus on the reasoning, not the technical terms):Beishanlong and Harpymimus are very similar throughout the preserved skeletal parts common to both, although many of these traits are plesiomorphic [i.e., prior to the last common ancestor].  Both retain ginglymous distal articulations on metacarpal I (inferred from phalanx I-1 in Beishanlong), a deep ligament pit on metacarpal III and a strongly curved pollex claw, but straighter claws on other digits.  Both taxa possess a subarctometatarsal foot with the diaphysis of metatarsal III pinched dorsally and exhibits a wedge-like exposure on the ankle, although this condition persists in Garudimimus (Kobayashi 2005) and the feet of Pelecanimimus and Shenzhousaurus are unknown.  Of considerable interest in this regard is the keeled condition of two of the caudal vertebrae of Beishanlong and the near-keeled condition of caudal vertebrae in a juvenile ornithomimosaur specimen possibly referable to Harpymimus (Y. Kobayashi 2002, unpublished data).  In the latter specimen (IGM 100/960910KD), the preserved caudals bear relatively taller neural spines and transverse processes compared with the mid-caudals of Beishanlong, so it is possible that the lack of haemal groove may be related to their position in the caudal series rather than representing a taxonomic difference.  Although mid-caudal vertebrae of Garudimimus are unknown, those of other ornithomimosaurs do not exhibit a ventral midline keel or keel-like anatomy, so this trait could represent a possible synapomorphy [i.e., trait present in the last common ancestor] uniting Beishanlong and Harpymimus as sister taxa.(Read this Cladistics reference article about the terms and decisions paleontologists make.)  It is evident that the skeleton does not jump out and announce its ancestry.  Presumably other researchers, with other software and other outgroups and other lists of taxa to include, could arrive at different conclusions.  This team chose to emphasize the differences between the new fossil and the older one – though they mentioned that theirs was from an actively growing subadult, and the other was from a mature individual.  And lest anyone believe evolutionary trends are straightforwardly apparent in the fossil record, they examined various lines of evidence that “suggest that this lineage did not follow a directional trend of body-size evolution such as has recently been shown for some paravian lineages.”  In biology, real data are messy.  One other surprise was noted: “It is remarkable that such body-size shifts in three different coelurosaurian lineages are so tightly clustered geographically and stratigraphically.”  Was something else going on?    And where did the tyrannosaur missing link idea come from?  The authors did not draw that conclusion in their paper.  In fact, they said, “The holotype of Beishanlong co-occurs with therizinosauroids, hadrosauroids, turtles and tyrannosauroids in the lower mesic faces of Xinminpu Group…, and a strong and remarkably invariant degree of faunal association between these particular clades persists in mesic environments throughout the Cretaceous….”  Here again, if tyrannosauroids were living alongside this creature, it seems unwarranted for the BBC News and Live Science to call Beishanlong an ancestor to T. rex.  Linguists might note with interest that the suffix “-long” in Chinese means “dragon.”last_img read more

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Biodegradable bread bags

first_imgAlbany Bakery supplies more than 10million South African households withbread every week.(Image: Stock.XCHNG )Janine ErasmusAlbany Bakery, one of South Africa’s major producers of bread products, is packaging all its products in biodegradable plastic bags since the beginning of April 2008. This is an industry first not only in South Africa but in the southern hemisphere and on the African continent.Spokesperson Khanyi Dhlamini of Tiger Brands, Albany’s parent company, says that the bread producer will be making a significant contribution to protecting the environment as it sends out over 500 million bags every year.Albany is a major player in the fast-moving consumer goods sector and its 12 plants supply 10,5-million South African households with bread each week. The move to biodegradable plastic, says Dhlamini, is the realisation of the company’s commitment to sustainability as well as to reducing its environmental footprint.Albany is taking responsibility for the amount of landfill plastic it produces and, furthermore, is tackling the problem through sustainable methods. The company decided to collaborate with UK-based Symphony Environmental Technologies, a specialist supplier of oxo-biodegradable plastics and plastic additives, to develop the bags, which disintegrate in a relatively short space of time.“In ideal weathering conditions, such as exposure to UV light and rain,” explains Dhlamini, “the bags would last for a year, but we calculate they will degrade in a landfill within a year to 18 months.”According to the South African branch of Symphony Environmental, Albany’s decision to move to biodegradable bags will result in the elimination of 3 000 tons of waste and litter from the environment every year.Safe, degradable plasticNormal polythene was invented in 1933 and can take up to 100 years to degrade – which means that just about all the polythene that has ever been produced is still around, buried in landfill sites around the world.Symphony Environmental’s product, known as d2w (degrade to water), is a polythene additive that gives degradable characteristics to plastic without affecting its other qualities, such as resistance to stress. It is environmentally friendly and has been approved by the European Union as safe to use in direct contact with food. The additive breaks down bonds between the carbon molecules of the plastic, and eventually the material loses strength and simply falls apart.The d2w-altered material can be manipulated in various ways for each specific application, through the use of stabilisers. This means that the degradation process can be controlled and factors such as the length of degradation time, and degradation triggers such as heat, oxygen or ultraviolet light, can be pre-set.Once the material starts to degrade it breaks up progressively until its molecules are small enough to be absorbed by micro-organisms. Finally, all that is left is a trace amount of carbon dioxide and water, which are the same substances exhaled by living creatures.Cutting-edge technologyAlbany is also working on this project with three of its trusted local packaging partners: Tropic Plastics in Kwa-Zulu Natal, and Nampak Flexibles and East Rand Plastics, both located in Gauteng. Durban-based company Tropic Plastics uses Symphony’s d2w additive in two cutting-edge films for Albany bread bags. Tropithene is an opaque film with a silky texture – consumers will find it around Albany’s Olde Cape range of breads, while the glass-clear Tropistar is used for all other bread bags.Extensive market research revealed that consumers would welcome the environmentally friendly initiative. While there is a cost implication, as non-biodegradable bags cost 1c to make compared to 1.5c for biodegradable bags, this will be absorbed by Albany. This is good news for consumers as well as for Albany and Tiger Brands, which weathered a severe storm in 2007 for fixing bread prices. The company incurred a heavy fine for this practice.Good environmental practice among the youthTo mark the initiative Albany has launched an art competition for primary, high and tertiary schools, where children are asked to create a work of art using Albany’s biodegradable bags. “Ideally, the artwork should represent some of the negative things the children would like to see disappear in South Africa, which could include things like guns, rats, cigarettes or knives,” says Dhlamini.The competition runs from May to October 2008, while entries close on 27 July 2008. Cash prizes will be awarded to winning schools.As an environmentally friendly brand, Albany is using the biodegradable bag initiative and the schools competition to help clean up the environment and simultaneously instil a deeply entrenched awareness of good environmental practice among South African youngsters.Moving to manage waste efficientlyIn South Africa a number of steps have been taken to cut down on the adverse effect of plastics on the environment. The National Environmental Management: Waste Bill was finalised in March 2008. The bill lays the foundation for the regulation and management of pollution and waste in South Africa, at the same time recognising the constitutional right of every South African to live in an environment that is not harmful to health.South Africa has set a national target to reduce the amount of five specific waste products – plastics, cans, paper, glass and tyres – going into landfills by 70% by 2022. The remaining 30% will also be dealt with effectively.South Africa banned the use of thin plastic shopping bags in 2003. The 17-micron thick bag was a familiar sight littering the roads of the country, until the South African government, driven by the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, moved to clamp down on their ubiquitous and unwanted presence. Now plastic shopping bags are a minimum of 30 microns in thickness and shoppers have to buy them, or bring their own. A micron, or micrometer, is one-thousandth of a millimetre. A human hair is about 50 microns in diameter.The move boosted consumer awareness of both the costs of manufacturing plastic bags and the positive environmental impact of bags’ reuse. It also encouraged the use of bags made from other recyclable materials.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Janine Erasmus at janinee@mediaclubsouthafrica.com.Useful linksAlbany BakerySymphony EnvironmentalDegradable plasticsDepartment of Environmental Affairs and TourismPlastics Federation of South AfricaNational Environmental Management: Waste BillNational Waste Strategy Implementationlast_img read more

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Photo library: Buildings and structures 18

first_img{loadposition tc}Click on a thumbnail for a low-resolution image, or right-click on the link below it to download a high-resolution copy of the image.» Download Buildings & Structures contact sheet (1.1MB) » Download full image library contact sheet (10.5MB) Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province: Interior of the Durban International Convention Centre. Photo: Hannelie Coetzee, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province: Interior of the Durban International Convention Centre. Photo: Hannelie Coetzee, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province: Interior of the Durban International Convention Centre. Photo: Hannelie Coetzee, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province: Interior of the Durban International Convention Centre. Photo: Hannelie CoetzeeMediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province: Interior of the Durban International Convention Centre. Photo: Hannelie CoetzeeMediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province: Interior of the Durban International Convention Centre. Photo: Hannelie CoetzeeMediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province: Interior of the Durban International Convention Centre. Photo: Hannelie CoetzeeMediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province: Interior of the Durban International Convention Centre. Photo: Hannelie CoetzeeMediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province: Interior of the Durban International Convention Centre. Photo: Hannelie CoetzeeMediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES 18: {loadposition bd}Having trouble downloading high-resolution images? Queries about the image library? Email Janine Erasmus at janinee@mediaclubsouthafrica.com.last_img read more

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